If you want to know how to write an analysis essay, then you’ve found the right place. We have prepared example schemes of literary work analysis that can help you to write your own analysis without any problems.
How to Write an Analysis of Fiction
- Identify the theme and main idea of this work; the problems raised in it; pathos, with which the work is written.
- Show the relationship of the plot and composition.
- Consider the subject organization of the work, artistic image of the person, the techniques of creating a character, types of character images, and system of character images.
- To find out the author’s attitude to the subject, the idea and the heroes of the work.
- Identify the features of the functioning of expressive means of language in this work of literature.
- Identify the features of the genre of the work and writer’s style.
Note: according to this scheme, you can write an analysis essay of the book you read, while also presenting in the work:
- Emotional and evaluative attitude to read.
- A detailed explanation of the independent evaluation of the characters of the heroes of the work, their actions and experiences.
- The detailed justification of the conclusions.
Analysis of the Prosaic Literary Work
If you want to know how to start an analytical essay of a literary work, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the concrete historical context of the work during its creation. It is necessary at the same time to distinguish the concepts of the historical and literary situation, in the latter case it is meant:
- Literary trends of the era;
- The place of this work among the works of other authors written during this period;
- The creative history of the work;
- Evaluation of the work in criticism;
- The originality of the perception of the given work by the writer’s contemporaries;
- Evaluation of the work in the context of modern reading.
Next, we should turn to the question of the ideological and artistic unity of the work, its content and form (while the content plan is considered – what the author wanted to say and the expression plan – how he or she managed to do it).
The Сonceptual Level of a Literary Work
If you want to know how to write an analytical essay introduction, body, and conclusion, first of all, you should know how to analyze the subject, problems, conflict and pathos of the literary work.
The theme is what the work is talking about: the main problem posed and considered by the author in a work that unites the content into a single whole. These are the typical phenomena and events of real life, which are reflected in the work. Is the theme consistent with the main issues of its time? Is the title related to the topic? Every phenomenon of life is a separate topic; the totality of topics is the theme of the work.
The problem is the aspect of life which is of particular interest to the writer. The same problem can serve as a basis for posing various problems (the subject of slavery is the problem of the lack of freedom, the problem of social injustice). A «problematic» is a list of the problems that are mentioned in the work. (They may be additional in nature and subject to the main problem.)
The idea is what the author wanted to say; the writer’s decision of the main problem or an indication of the way in which it can be solved. (The ideological meaning is the solution of all problems – the main and additional ones – or an indication of a possible solution.)
Pathos is the emotional and evaluative attitude of the writer to what is narrated, distinguished by a great power of feelings (asserting, denying, justifying, exalting).
The Level of Organization of a Work as an Artistic Whole
Composition is the construction of a literary work; it unites parts of the work into one.
Basic means of composition:
- The plot is what happens in the work; system of major events and conflicts.
- A conflict is a clash of characters and circumstances, views and principles of life, the basis of the action. Conflict can occur between a person and society, between characters. In the mind of the hero, conflict can be explicit and hidden. Elements of the plot reflect the stages of conflict development.
- Prologue is a kind of introduction to a work in which it tells the story of the past, it emotionally adjusts the reader to perception.
- Exposition is the introduction into action, the image of conditions and circumstances that preceded the immediate onset of action (may be located not only in the beginning, but in the middle, the end of the work); it acquaints the reader with the characters of the work, the situation, time and circumstances of the action.
- The beginning of the movement of the plot; the event, from which the conflict begins, develops subsequent events.
- The development of action is a system of events that stems from the outset; in the course of development of the action, as a rule, the conflict becomes aggravated, and the contradictions become more and more clear.
- The culmination is the moment of the highest tension of action, the peak of the conflict, the culmination represents the main problem of the work and the characters are extremely clear, and after it, the action weakens.
- The denouement is the solution to the depicted conflict or an indication of possible ways to solve it. It is the final moment in the development of the action of the literary work. As a rule, it either resolves a conflict or demonstrates its fundamental unsolvability.
- The epilogue is the final part of the work, which indicates the direction of the further development of events and the fate of the heroes (sometimes the assessment is shown); this is a short story about what happened to the characters after the end of the main plot action.
If you want to know how to write an analytical essay conclusion, you should keep in mind that this part of your essay should summarize everything that you have said in the body of your essay. Do not include any new information in your conclusion. We have more information on out blog on how to write different types of essay. For example, How to Start a Descriptive Essay to Keep Readers Interest.