A lot of college students have problems with writing thesis papers. On different sites, articles aimed at teaching how to write thesis paper and defend it appear often. Writing a thesis is useful not only for graduation, but it is also sometimes useful from a professional point of view, when, for example, you are engaged in a high-tech business and want to impress customers with the depth and breadth of your knowledge.
Below we will try to briefly describe the main points that should be taken into consideration when preparing and defending a thesis (primarily for graduate and undergrad students, of course, because those who write doctoral dissertations are already, in theory, scientists, and know how to write a college thesis paper). At the same time, we will draw your attention to the fact that all the above is in no way the official position of the scientific councils or, on the contrary, the secret knowledge of the clan of professors, but simply the subjective opinion of our writers.
- First and foremost, understand your motivation.
You must accurately give yourself an answer to the following question: why do you personally need a thesis paper? A very, very serious motivation is needed to start this work. This is a hard and often unpleasant work that will take several months of intensive writing. We do not have a lot of statistics, but we would say that a lot of students don’t know how to start thesis paper.
- One should not conflate science and theses.
You can do real science all your life and have no degrees. One can defend a thesis paper for college that has nothing to do with science.
- A thesis is a qualified, scientific work.
This means that the graduate student should show sufficient qualifications to be considered a scientist. If you read about the initiation rites of the ancient tribes, writing and defending are quite reminiscent of those traditions. You go through artificially constructed circles of hell to prove that you are worthy.
- The choice of the supervisor is important, but not critical.
It is not a fact that a supervisor will help you in the process of work. He or she is a critical figure in the first and last stage, however, when it is required to suggest how best to design and defend the finished work. Regularly demonstrate progress.
- Measure the contribution and result.
If you put too little soul into the work, it will be very boring to complete. If you invest a lot, you can be very disappointed, realizing that only you need your work and no one else.
- You must clearly understand exactly how the thesis is analyzed.
The thesis in the worst case is read by exactly one person – yourself. In the typical case, three more people read your paper – your opponents and supervisor. The committee and others look at the accompanying documents. The council itself listens to speeches on the defense to evaluate the work. But the author’s abstract can already be read by several dozen people. And the introduction to the abstract (i.e. the first five pages) is already seen by a hundred.
- From this, a very simple rule follows – the most time and effort should be given to what will be studied most carefully.
- Scientific novelty
- List of references
- Opponents and lead organization
- We will focus on how to write a thesis paper step by step.
First, search for a topic. Here the help of the supervisor is necessary – the supervisor must come up with ideas and tasks, one of which should interest you. When it interests you, just search the Internet to see how much is done on it.
An alternative source of the topic can be anything that you are interested in – an article, solving a household problem, saving the world – anything that you want. But in any case, you then need to invent a topic with the supervisor – he or she should have an eye on the “defendability” of the subject. In some cases, the topic may be interesting, but there is no science in it.
But the converse point can also be true. If the topic is boring and uninteresting, you should reread the first point in this section – defining your motivation. Boredom kills motivation. Do not take the topic if there are almost no works, or if they are too many. In the first case, you will face all of the mistakes of the innovator, and in the second case, you will get tired of proving a novelty.
We highly recommend, if possible, to combine the topic of scientific research with what you must deal with at the college. Yes, it is quite difficult to study and write a thesis at the same time. Yes, at the final stage you will not be able to study at all for two or three months because of the additional workload and activities. But in the end, anyway, such an approach will save a great deal of time and effort. And yes, an obvious, but important trifle – save everything that you find. Evernote + Web Clipper will save a lot of time in the next stages.
- It’s important to figure out where to start when you’ve got the theme, and don’t have everything else.
We recommend the snowflake method (it’s still used by writers). In this case, it is applied as follows: it is necessary to compose the content of the dissertation (take from the Internet or library any generally available dissertations in the specialty and see how they usually look).
The content very clearly clarifies the picture, as you still do not know what specifically you will write in the review or, say, the architecture of the system, but you already understand what parts in the work should be. It can be repeatedly rewritten until you have a feeling that for each item you theoretically have something to write or you know how to approach it. Well, accordingly, if all the items are filled, then we have a coherent story about the solution of some problem.
For example, the snowflake method, in articles and business analytics, most often looks something like this: Chapter 1. The urgency of the problem. Review of available methods. Advantages and disadvantages. Prospects. Chapter 2. Theoretical part of the proposal by the author. Methods. Algorithms. Comparison and niche. Chapter 3. The practical part of what the author proposed. Architecture. Research productivity. Comparison with competitors. Chapter 4. Practical application. The problem, the solution, the results.
- Quite often a graduate student (especially in a university) is perceived as a free labor force.
Avoid, or bargain – all that you do should be closer to the goal: the thesis. In this case it is not necessary that this is the text of the thesis itself. An article, program, or simply the skill of public speaking, dating, and good relations are also needed.
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